Low Birth Weight
Infants born weighing less than 2500 grams (5 pounds and 8 ounces) are at increased risk of serious health problems including risk of death before the first birthday. In 1996 the percentage of births that weighed less than 2500 grams was 7.9%. This reached a high of 8.8% in 2008 and then decreased slightly to 8.7% in 2016, however has reached 8.8% again in 2017.
Infants born before completing 37 weeks of gestation are classified as preterm births. These infants are at greater risk of health and developmental problems including increased risk of death before their first birthday. In 1996 the percentage of births that were preterm was 9.6%. This percentage peaked in 2006 at 11.1% and then declined to 10.1% in 2016, and has arisen to 10.2 in 2017.
Medicaid and Delivery Payment Source
Medicaid was the payment source for delivery for 48.9% of births in 2017, and private insurance was the payment source for delivery for 43.3% of the births in 2017.
In 2017, 62.8% of the births were by vaginal delivery and 37.2% were delivered by C-section.